Hydrocar - Solar Hydrogen Car

Brand: Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies
Product Code: 550590

Price:
$94.99

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Introducing the hybrid technology that is fueling today’s automotive revolution! Hydrocar (FCJJ-20) demonstrates a complete, clean-energy system with solar to hydrogen power generation.  Powered by electricity from sunlight, the reversible fuel cell illustrates the principles of water electrolysis, separating hydrogen from water and then recombining these elements to create power in an extremely efficient process.  What’s more, the car can steer independently to avoid running into obstacles.

Features:

✔ Demonstrates electrolysis of water into O2 and H2
✔ Includes solar panel to power electrolysis process
✔ Includes experiment guide on CD, as well as a complete assembly manual
✔ Easy to build and operate, steers independently when meeting obstacles
✔ UPC: 6942503400069

Experiments and Activities:

✔ Assembly and operation of the Hydrocar
✔ The effect of heat on solar panels
✔ The effect of shade on solar panels
✔ The effect of tilt angle on solar panels
✔ Finding the solar panel’s maximum power point(requires variable resistor module-sold separately)
✔ Electrolysis mode generating hydrogen and oxygen from water
✔ Fuel cell mode generating electricity from hydrogen and oxygen
✔ Determining the minimum voltage for water decomposition
✔ Polarization states for hydrogen fuel cells

Contents Include:

✔ Chassis with an LED light and motor
Reversible (PEM) Fuel Cell
0.75 Watt solar cell
✔ 2x 2mm connecting leads
✔ Battery pack with connecting leads
Hydrogen and Oxygen tanks
✔ Inner gas containers
✔ Plastic plug pins for fuel cell
Transparent silicon tubing and syringe
✔ Assembly instructions
✔ CD-ROM with curriculum manuals

 Horizon Hydrocar - Solar Hydrogen Car Assembly Guide, FCJJ-20

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

NGSS Science and Engineering Practices

✔ Asking Questions and Defining Problems
✔ Planning and Carrying Out Investigations
✔ Analyzing and Interpreting Data
✔ Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
✔ Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
✔ Engaging in Argument from Evidence
✔ Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information

NGSS Crosscutting Concepts

✔ Patterns
✔ Cause and Effect
✔ Scale, Proportion, and Quantity
✔ Energy and Matter
✔ Structure and Function
✔ Stability and Change

NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas

✔ MS-ETS1.B - Developing Possible Solutions
✔ MS-ESS2.A - Earth's Materials and Systems
✔ MS-ESS2.D - Weather and Climate
✔ MS-ESS3.A - Natural Resources
✔ MS-ESS3.C - Human Impacts on Earth Systems
✔ MS-ESS3.D - Global Climate Change
✔ MS-PS1.A - Structure and Properties of Matter
✔ MS-PS1.B - Chemical Reactions
✔ MS-PS3.B - Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
✔ MS-PS3.C - Relationship between Energy and Forces
✔ HS-PS1.A - Structure and Properties of Matter
✔ HS-PS1.B - Chemical Reactions
✔ HS-PS3.A - Definitions of Energy
✔ HS-PS3.B - Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer
✔ HS-ETS1.B - Developing Possible Solutions
✔ HS-ESS2.A - Earth Materials and Systems
✔ HS-ESS2.D - Weather and Climate
✔ HS-ESS3.A - Natural Resources
✔ HS-ESS3.C - Human Impacts on Earth Systems
✔ HS-ESS3.D - Global Climate Change
✔ HS-PS2.B - Types of Interactions
✔ HS-PS3.C - Relationship Between Energy and Forces

Energy Literacy Framework

1.1 - Energy is a quantity that is transferred from system to system
1.3 - Energy is neither created nor destroyed
1.4 - Energy available to do useful work decreases as it is transferred from system to system
1.5 - Energy comes in different forms and can be divided into categories
1.6 - Chemical and nuclear reactions involve the transfer and transformation of energy
1.7 - Many different units are used to quantify energy
1.8 - Power is a measure of energy transfer rate
4.1 - Humans transfer and transform energy from the environment into forms useful for human endeavors
4.2 - Human use of energy is subject to limits and constraints
4.6 - Humans intentionally store energy for later use in a number of different ways
4.7 - Different sources of energy and the different ways energy can be transformed, transported, and stored each have different benefits and drawbacks
6.1 - Conservation of energy has two very different meanings
6.4 - Earth has limited energy resources
6.5 - Social and technological innovation affects the amount of energy used by human society
6.8 - The amount of energy used can be calculated and monitored

Common Core English Language Arts and Common Core Math Standards

✔ RST.6-8.1 - Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts
✔ RST.6-8.3 - Follow precisely a multi-step procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks
✔ WHST.6-8.7 - Conduct short research projects to answer a question, drawing on several sources and generating questions allowing for multiple explorations
✔ MP.2 - Reason abstractly and quantitatively
✔ 6.RP.A.2 - Understand the concept of a unit rate a/b associated with a ratio a:b with b ≠ 0, and use rate language in the context of a ratio relationship
✔ 6.RP.A.3 - Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world and mathematical problems
✔ 6.SP.B.5 - Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context

NGSS Subject Modules (Middle School Level)

Earth Science

 Teacher's Guide
 Student Worksheets

Physical Science

 Teacher's Guide
 Student Worksheets

NGSS Subject Modules (High School Level)

Chemistry

 Teacher's Guide
 Student Worksheets

Earth Science

 Teacher's Guide
 Student Worksheets

Physics

 Teacher's Guide
 Student Worksheets

1. The water levels do not drop when the gas outlet tubes on both sides of the fuel cell are unplugged.
 
Check whether the holes on the wall of the inner cylinder are blocked. If so, turn the inner cylinder until water enters the holes and fills up the inner cylinder.
 
 
2. The reversible fuel cell does not produce hydrogen and/or oxygen.
 
a) Check whether the wires are appropriately connected, and whether there are any loose connections. The fuel cell could be completely destroyed if the red wire of the battery pack is connected to the black jack of the fuel cell.
 
b) Check whether the switch of the battery pack is in the “on” position.
 
 
3. The water electrolysis process slows down.
 
a) Add water to the oxygen side of the fuel cell and wait for about 3 minutes.
 
b) Replace old AA batteries with new AA batteries inside the battery pack.
 
 
4. The car stops moving while there is still hydrogen left inside the tanks.
 
a) Purge the gases and perform water electrolysis for 4-5 minutes. Unplug the hydrogen gas outlet tube and oxygen gas tubes to purge the gases. Perform water electrolysis again until the hydrogen tank is filled, and connect the motor to the fuel cell. If the problem persists, go to the next step.
 
b) Let the water electrolysis process last about 10 minutes to consume the residual water. To push water out of the fuel cell, purge the gases. Perform water electrolysis once more until the hydrogen tank is filled, then connect the motor to the fuel cell.

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